Donald Hight

The Influence of School Building Age Upon Teachers' Attitudes Toward the School Building in Which they Teach

Study completed: November 1983

Under the direction of C.W. McGuffey

The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence, if any, of school building age upon teachers' attitudes towards the school building in which they teach. The population sample consisted of teachers in 30 elementary schools in 10 randomly selected Georgia school systems: 10 non-modernized old schools, 10 modernized old schools, and 10 modern new schools. These teachers were solicited to respond to Attitude Toward the School Building: Teachers' Inventory containing 82 yes/no questions. Pertinent information on the teachers participating in the study and information on the schools in which these teachers taught was collected. This information along with the results obtained from the research instrument produced the necessary data to make the comparisons called for in the study.

A t-test for independent sample and ANOVA was used to define, describe and analyze the data. The researcher compared the data and findings on teachers in the 10 non-modernized old schools with the data and findings on teachers in the 10 modernized old schools and 10 modern new schools to determine if there was a measurable difference in the attitudes toward the school building of the three groups.

Selected Findings and Conclusions:

The study demonstrated that teachers' attitudes toward the school building were influenced by the age and condition of the school buildings.

The attitude scores of teachers in new school buildings and modernized old school buildings were significantly higher than those in non modernized old school buildings.


Attitude was defined as the score obtained for each teacher on the inventory instrument. (Reliability = .95, Validity was also addressed).

School building age or "base" was defined as the original year of construction or major modernization.

Modernization was defined as renewal of a school building to include air conditioning, carpeting, fluorescent lighting, and painting instructional areas with pastel colors.

This summary was compiled by Elizabeth Jago and Ken Tanner

Posted: (February 1999)

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