Tae Cheung Chan

The Impact of School Building Age on the Academic Achievement of Eighth Grade Pupils From the Public Schools in the State of Georgia.

Study completed: April 1979

Under the direction of Dr. Carroll W. McGuffey

This study was designed to investigate the relationship of school building age and the academic achievement of pupils taught within school buildings of varying age. The population consisted of all of the standard public schools in the State of Georgia containing eighth grade pupils in 1975-76. The buildings of these public schools were classified into three types: Old non-modernized, partially modernized, and modern. The data on the buildings were developed from the results of a questionnaire which was sent to every principal in the standard public schools in the State of Georgia containing eighth grade pupils. Achievement data were based on the mean scores for each of the Georgia standard schools on the eighth grade ITBS in 1975-76.

A hierarchal inclusion method of multiple regression was used to analyze the relationships between the mean scores from the ITBS (dependent variable) and the independent variables including school building age and percentage of pupils participating in paid school lunch programs (SES).

Selected Findings and Conclusions:

Statistical analysis indicated that when the SES variable was statistically controlled, school building age was significantly related to students' composite scores, the vocabulary scores and the mathematics scores.

The data revealed, by analysis of covariance, that pupils in school buildings with modern facilities attained higher achievement than pupils in school buildings with older facilities. (Modernization was defined as renewal of a school building to include air conditioning, carpeting, fluorescent lighting, and painting instructional areas with pastel colors).

A significant relationship between school building age and the academic achievement of eighth grade pupils was found. Hence, school building age was a predictor of academic achievement as measured on the ITBS. (School building age or "base" was defined as the original year of construction or major modernization)

This summary was compiled by Elizabeth Jago and Ken Tanner

Posted: (February 1999)

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