- CARRIE ANN COLVIN BOOHER (August 2001)
Design Standards for Elementary, Middle/Junior High, and High
(Under the Direction of C. KENNETH TANNER)
- As public and legislative interest
has increased in the areas of school safety and character education,
much attention has focused on the role that professional counselors
play in schools. The professional literature offers few descriptions
of the design standards of facilities that elementary, middle/junior
high, and high school counselors need in order to address barriers
to academic, vocational, and personal achievement. This study
sought to increase the knowledge base in the area of the facility
needs of school counselors.
- This study surveyed school counselors
regarding their perceptions about actual and ideal counseling
facilities. The School Counseling Facility Survey was developed
from a review of the school counseling and facility literature.
Alpha reliability coefficients for the sub-scales on the survey
ranged from .8445 to .9555. Counselors responses were compared
across the variables: age of the building, level of facility
satisfaction, level of job satisfaction, academic level of the
students served, and the type of community.
Cross tabulations and contingency coefficients examined significant
relationships among the counselors' perceptions of their actual
facilities. Of the significant relationships that were identified,
most were found among the design items and the academic level
of the students served.
- A one-way analysis of variance procedure
identified significant differences among the counselors' perceptions
of their ideal counseling facilities. Significant differences
were found among several of the design items and the academic
level of the students served. Counselors' responses to open-ended
questions suggested the addition of several intriguing design
items regarding the location of the facility, access to technology,
and permanence of the facility for counselor use.
Design standards included counselor-identified
design items for counseling offices, reception areas, conference
rooms, playrooms, career/college rooms, storage areas, and the
location of the counseling facility.
Architectural drawings, derived from the counselors' responses,
were provided for elementary, middle/jr. high and high school
It is recommended that architects, facility planners, and school
boards utilize the design standards and architectural drawings
to design more effective school counseling facilities. The ranking
of the means of counselors' responses as illustrated in this
study could be especially helpful when allocating limited resources
for counseling facilities.
INDEX WORDS: School counselors, School counseling facilities,
Design standards, Architectural designs, School learning environments