Beginning Steps in Planning and Programming for a Capital Project
The Beginning Activities for Planning a Capital Project
Planning takes place in the context of the organization and state and local policy and code constraints. The most frequently followed activities or milestones (not necessarily listed chronologically) in planning a capital project in the United States are outlined below:
A- Begin the Planning Process. This initial
activity has been labeled "pre-design and planning." Set aside at
least 1% of the anticipated planning, architectural, and construction
costs. Attaching money to the process, early on, will minimize
the useless activity of "planning for the sake of planning." Here
are three questions we ask:
Has the organization established a budget for planning?
Have you determined an approximate date to move into the new facility?
Have you hired an architect?
The correct answers to these three questions, as we understand planning an programming, are Yes, Yes, No. This logic follows the time honored idea that functions to be performed within the facility are to be established by planners. Once functions are determined, then an architect may be employed to deal with form; but only after owners, stakeholders and planners have identified the functions.
B- Forecast Target Population. Forecast the anticipated population of clients for 10 to 50 years to determine trends. This is a vital activity.C- Determine Feasibility.What are the program needs now and especially in the future?
D- Establish Feasibility to Determine Space
Needs. Compare current facility needs with expected needs.
E- Prioritize Needs.
F- Adopt Findings of the Needs Assessment (B, C, D,
G- Choose to Build a New Facility or Renovate Existing Structures. Determining the basis for renovating a facility instead of building a new one is a special job where the SDPL/FPDM can provide assistance.
H- Undergo a planning and concept design process with stakeholders, emphasizing "green facilities"
I- Hire an Architect and convert the concept design
into working schematic drawings (Translate Functions into Forms).
This will ensure that THE FUNCTION is defined
clearly ---- "form
J- Develop Capital Budget Estimates. A
project cost estimate from a professional estimating service is vital
in today's market and economy.
Bidding and Construction Activities